As we saw in the previous article we discussed about E.coli infection in cats, chicks, old cats or those with low immunity can easily get sick when they come in contact with it. In today’s article we will discuss about how to establish the diagnosis, the right treatment and the prevention methods.
Establishing the diagnosis in case of E.coli infection
If your cat shows one of the symptoms of an E.coli infection, you should urgently go to the vet. In order to put the diagnosis, it is necessary to carry out laboratory tests and time plays an essential role. The veterinarian will ask you to describe the observed symptoms and all relevant medical information.
In addition to a physical check, samples for laboratory tests will be taken to identify the presence of the bacterium. These may include blood tests, urine tests, stool tests, and X-ray tests. Also, to be sure about the diagnosis of E. coli infection, your veterinarian may also use bacterial cultures and conducting tests on antibiotic sensitivity. These two elements are extremely important because they help to determine the potential infections and to choose the optimal treatment, some strains of E.coli may be resistant to antibiotics.
Treatment of E. coli infection in cats
Most cases can be treated at home, only regular visits at vet are needed to check the healing process in case of E.coli infection.
Regardless of the location of the infection, the antibiotic is a mandatory treatment. Simple infections require a treatment period of 10-14 days. Complicated infections can involve treatment for up to six weeks.
In severe cases, especially in kittens, hospitalization is required. Special procedures may be needed such as mounting infusions to prevent dehydration and hypoglycemia, monitoring body temperature to prevent hypothermia and feeding the kittens with the bottle.
Make sure you follow the complete treatment schedule. If you stop the medication too soon, the disease may recur or, worse, antibiotic resistance may develop. Cats with urinary infections should follow a proper diet, being encouraged to drink as much water as possible. Frequent urination will help the faster disappearance of the bacteria within the urinary tract. In the case of cats that normally live outside, it is important to bring them home to avoid raw meat as a food source, especially if the infection is at the gastrointestinal level.
During the recovery period, the veterinarian will take blood samples to determine the stage of the infection. If you notice any changes in the cat’s condition, it is important to notify the cat to take timely action.
Prevention of infection
To prevent E.coli infection in cats, we recommend that you consider the following:
- Carefully prepare food for your cat – make sure it is well prepared and avoid raw meat;
- Do not offer water except from safe sources;
- Take care and try to use as little pasteurized dairy products as possible;
- Carefully wash the vegetables you include in your diet;
- Regularly cleans the basket in which you sleep.
- Follow the vaccination schedule;
- In the case of chicks, make sure they benefit from colostrum (first milk).
Now that you have learned more about E. coli infection in cats, you can more easily identify the symptoms and go to the veterinarian to determine the diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment.